Viking art

Charlotte Price Persson We can see for the first time why they started to invest in ships and develop the technology. It is interesting that when we have two such significant developments and changes — urbanisation and raids across open water – that we can now say that they were, in fact connected. To this day, these fierce raids are the most famous of Viking stories. Now, a new study suggests a more peaceful start to Viking seafaring — and it all began in Denmark. Three archaeologists from the University of Aarhus Denmark and the University of York UK have shown that maritime voyages from Norway to Ribe, the oldest commercial centre in Denmark, occurred long before the Viking age officially began. A connection between the biggest Nordic commercial centre of the day and the beginning of the Viking voyages seemed obvious, but there was no evidence to confirm it.

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When the Scandinavian settlers colonized Iceland in the 9th c. AD, the island was found to contain no useful metal deposits save for bog iron, and the deforestation that followed the settlement resulted in a scarcity of wood. Only in the last decades have archaeological excavations begun to unravel how the first Icelanders dealt with this lack of resources.

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Some Danish cities resisted the new spelling of their names, notably Aalborg and Aabenraa. The renaming came into effect on 1 January Whichever spelling local authorities choose, most newspapers and public institutions will accept it. It is notable that the “Aa” spelling has been in use the longest. In the buildings and adjoining archaeological layers, everyday utensils like combs, jewellery and basic multi-purpose tools from approximately the year have been found.

The rampart was later reinforced by Harald Bluetooth , and together with the town’s geographical placement, this suggests that Aros was an important trade and military centre. There are strong indications of a former royal residence from the Viking Age in Viby , a few kilometres south of the Aarhus city centre.

The growing influence of the Church during the Middle Ages gradually turned Aarhus, with its bishopric, into a prosperous religious centre. The charter is the first official recognition of the town as a regional power and is by some considered Aarhus’ birth certificate. Parts of the ramparts are still in existence today and can be experienced as steep slopes at the riverside and they have also survived in some place names of the inner city, including the streets of Volden The Rampart and Graven The Moat.

In , octroi was imposed in larger Danish cities which changed the layout and face of Aarhus over the following decades. Wooden city walls were erected to prevent smuggling, with gates and toll booths on the major thoroughfares, Mejlgade and Studsgade.

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Additional Information Abstract This article investigates the workings of sanitation technologies in late medieval English and Scandinavian cities through both written and archeological evidence. It defines the roles of city corporations and individuals in the areas of street maintenance and waste management between the years and It argues that although the urban environment was managed through seemingly simple technologies, such as latrines and guttered cobblestone streets, the technologies required a conjunction of city-provided services and individual behavior management to make them work as intended.

The late medieval city governments under investigation therefore crafted social relations to create functional sanitation systems.

Seaside Park, located in the center of the city, nearby the beach, is the most beautiful park of has many different tree species, three stadiums, a concert-garden, a bowling center, minigolf, and in summer – summer cafeterias and many cultural events.

And while once our choice was limited to feather or fibre, the shops are now stuffed with everything from water pillows to scented pillows, and even one which is wired for sound. But which is a pain in the neck and which is a dream come true? This feels like a giant, heavy beanbag and looks like a prop from Wolf Hall. In summer, you can chill it in the fridge for a few hours to keep you cool throughout the night.

It also soothes stiff muscles — as the chill will reduce inflammation and help numb any pain. All I needed was Mark Rylance beside me, and my dream would have been complete. My husband, Ray, likes a firmer pillow, while I like a lovely soft one, but I hate buying different types as we inevitably get them mixed up and we both have a bad night. One side — made from a very firm memory foam — suits Ray perfectly, but is far too rigid for me.

The other side, made from synthetic microfibre filling, is perfectly soft and squishy. Definitely more lavatory than lavender. Synthetic fillings are the most popular type of pillows in the UK, because they are cheap. So I was delighted to find these bargain-basement microfibre-filled pillows are generously stuffed and incredibly silky to touch.

The Viking age began in Denmark

Gyldendalske Boghandel Nordisk Forlag Udgivet: Typografi af Viggo Naae. Litografier af Erik Clemmensen. Gyldendalske Boghandel Forlag F.


Scales have weighed everything from peanuts to penguins for centuries. This week-old penguin hopped on the scale at the London Zoo circa As the slightly skewed spring scale hanging around the produce aisle reminds us, the scale has long served humans as the chief arbiter of commerce, the sine qua non of shipping and the utility player of the pharmaceutical bench. From the smallest, most fine-tuned laboratory balance to the by foot 3-by meter pit-and-girder monsters that weigh train cars and tractor-trailers, scales make modern life possible.

Scales — or, more specifically, balances — weighed heavily on the minds of ancient builders, inventors and economic advisers. Small balance weights dating back to the early fourth millennium B. The most basic surviving balance scale in Egypt predates the dynastic period, placing its construction at earlier than B. Like us, the ancient Egyptians applied scales both in trade and in assaying ores and alloys [sources: Encyclopaedia Britannica ; Petruso ].

Balances, which weigh an object by matching it against one or more reference weights, have a delicate touch and are still used in laboratories.


Go Forth and Destroy: What I am saying is: Let us all calm down for a second. Read on Life on the Inside:

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That includes the devices and software that support electronic literature, and other related issues. And so, good reading! Previously, making copies of media was illegal. Today, those laws officially go into effect. AMZN brings Kindle devices to the country. The e-books market in the country may almost double this year to as much as 1 billion rubles… Digital content sales platform Gumroad is launching an iOS app today to help authors and other content creators sell their work directly to consumers.

The new iPhone app allows users to create custom mobile libraries of digital content purchased through Gumroad. Gumroad currently offers 35, ebooks and digital comics in addition to 8, movies and 15, music products… THE lost works of Scottish authors including James Hogg, Neil Munro and Robert Louis Stevenson are being resurrected by the company behind e-books for the biggest names in contemporary publishing. Palimpsest, a company based in Falkirk that produces e-books for JK Rowling, Stephen King and more than half the current Booker shortlist, is to launch a series of literary classics.

An inquiry into the market for electronic books e-books in the UK should be launched, the Publishers Association has said. In a document setting out its recommended range of policies the next UK government should adopt, the trade body said that an inquiry should seek to better facilitate competition in both the e-books market and the online market for print books, which it said should be treated as separate markets….

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Published online Feb Alt Find articles by Kurt W. Conceived and designed the experiments: Received Sep 11; Accepted Dec This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

The story of the Vikings begins in the year AD, after Norwegian Vikings landed in England on the first official Viking raid. To this day, these fierce raids are the most famous of Viking stories.

February 6 Offbeat Editors offbeatbride The offbeat occupants: Darlyngirl Administrative Assistant , Ted husband , a generally-hyper two-year-old boy, and Kennedy the dog. Sarnia, Canada Tell us a bit about your neighborhood: It’s like a total time-warp — an entire block of s Arts and Crafts homes. Each house is unique and well-cared for — my neighbours bring us cookies and walk around caroling at Christmas time.

I live on a small street close to the downtown of a small city about 85, I can walk to bars, restaurants, an art gallery but no grocery store or mall. What makes your home offbeat?


Ove Madsen Summary translation: Af skjortens saga, Mytte Fentz. Tindens Tand , nr. Parts of houses, well constructions and fences as well as other archaeological objects, all in a good state of preservation, proved that different artisans had been working and living here; also found was a big lump of textile material.

Analyses at Viborg Amtskonserveringsanstalt of the material, the different fragments Fig. Based on the interpretation a reconstruction was made Fig.

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The alternative name for the Viking people, Norse or Norsemen ‘North men’ , clearly reflects their northern homelands. Viking raiders attacked wealthy targets on the north-western coasts of Europe from the late 8th until the mid th century CE. Pre-Christian traders and sea raiders, the Vikings first enter recorded history with their attack on the Christian monastic community on Lindisfarne Island in The Vikings initially employed their longships to invade and attack European coasts, harbours and river settlements on a seasonal basis.

Subsequently, Viking activities diversified to include trading voyages to the east, west and south of their Scandinavian homelands, with repeated and regular voyages following river systems east into Russia and the Black and Caspian Sea regions, and west to the coastlines of the British Isles , Iceland and Greenland. Evidence exists for Vikings reaching Newfoundland well before the later voyages of Christopher Columbus discovered the “New World”.

Trading and merchant activities were accompanied by settlement and colonisation in many of these territories. Importantly, it was the English archaeologist David M. Wilson , working with his Danish colleague Ole Klindt-Jensen to produce the survey work Viking Art, who created foundations for the systematic characterisation of the field still employed today, together with a developed chronological framework.

David Wilson continued to produce mostly English-language studies on Viking art in subsequent years, joined over recent decades by the Norwegian art-historian Signe Horn Fuglesang with her own series of important publications.

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